Architecture

The nature of the country imposed its conditions and the Chilean was adapting the construction of houses and buildings to these demands. There are flat and easily accessible lands, steep near the mountain range and humid in the forests of the south. In addition, the territory is seismic, so the architectural challenges are permanent.

In the diversity of the current Chilean Architecture, simplicity, economy and functionalism prevail. On the professional scene, postmodernism, eclecticism, rationalism, modernism, and modular architecture coexist. Enrique Browne, José Cruz, and Borja Huidobro are representatives of postmodernism; Cristián Boza belongs to the eclectic current; Fernando Castillo Velasco and Emilio Duhart were rationalists; Mathias Klotz and Felipe Assadi represent modernism, and Alejandro Aravena is part of the modular current. As in other areas of culture, diversity is the main characteristic of Chilean architecture.

Colonial Architecture

It is the set of architectural manifestations that emerged in Latin America since the discovery of the continent in 1492 until independence in the early nineteenth century.

La-Casa-Colorada-Santiago

The Red House

It's a stately mansion built between 1769 and 1779, which stands out as an architectural and historical landmark of the city of Santiago.

Iglesia-San-Francisco-Santiago

San Francisco Church

It is the oldest building in Santiago. This temple represents an extraordinary example of architectural solidity, since its thick walls are part of the first construction, which dates from the end of the 16th century.

La-Posada-del-Corregidor-Santiago

La Posada del Corregidor

It's a colonial construction of the middle of the 18th century and one of the oldest buildings in the city.

Neo-Classical Italian Architecture

In the last decades of the 18th century, the Italian architect Joaquín Toesca introduced the neoclassical style in Chile.

Palacio-de-la-Moneda-Santiago

La Moneda Palace

It's a stately mansion built between 1769 and 1779, which stands out as an architectural and historical landmark of the city of Santiago.

Catedral-De-Santiago

Santiago Cathedral

1748: The fourth and last construction of this church was initiated under the direction of the master Matías Vásquez Acuña. 1780: The architect Toesca takes charge of the work.

Palacio-de-la-Real-Audiencia-Santiago

Palace of the Royal Audience

This building, declared a National Monument and home to the Chilean Museum of Pre-Columbian Art, is of the purest neoclassical style, based on plans by Joaquín Toesca.

French Neo-Classical Architecture

Palacio-de-Bellas-Artes-Santiago

Palace of Fine Arts

The architect of this imposing building was Emilio Jecquier, a Chilean trained in France. The Palace of Fine Arts is of neoclassical style, strongly reinforced with Art Nouveau details and structural touches of metal architecture.

Correos-de-Chile-Santiago

Chilean Post Office

Built in 1882 on the land where the Palace of the Governors used to be located, it is a neoclassical construction by the architect Ricardo Brown.

Tribunales-de-Justicia-Santiago

Courts of Justice

It corresponds to the architect Emilio Doyére, who had the collaboration of Emilio Jecquier .

Industrial metal architecture

Mercado-Central-Santiago

Central Market

Its structure was designed and built in Great Britain, at the time of its construction was considered in Europe as an example of metal architecture overseas.

Estación-Mapocho

Mapocho Station

The construction of the building was in charge of the Chilean architect Emilio Jecquier, who studied in France and returned to the country influenced by the teachings of the renowned engineer Gustave Eiffel. The roof, originally glazed and today made of copper, was built in Belgium and is made of metal trusses, labeled at the base and top.

Works by Luciano Kulczewski

The architect Luciano Kulczewski some call him the Chilean Gaudi. His legacy is as prolific as it is heterogeneous and can be traced to various places in Santiago.

Colegio-de-Arquitectos-Chile

College of Architects

This building designed by Luciano Kulczewski, is considered one of the best exponents of Art Nouveau in Chile.

Casa-Taller-Luciano-Kulczewski

Workshop House

In Kulczewski's work it is possible to observe five architectural styles: art deco, gothic, tudor, neoclassical and art noveau. The special predilection for art noveau was due to the fact that it allowed him to give a unique stamp to his creations.

Hotel-Luciano-Kulczewski

Luciano K Hotel

The building is a historical jewel in the heart of the gastronomic and cultural district of Lastarria, originally developed by architect Luciano Kulczewski in the 1920s.

Works of interest

Edificio-Transoceánica-Alejandro-Aravena

Tánica Building

In its design, the building responds to the implementation of an energy efficiency system aimed at reducing demand, improving the quality of work spaces and adopting a respectful attitude towards the environment. It has 17,000 m2 built on three floors, on a 20,000 m2 plot of land in the Santa María de Manquehue Park in Vitacura, Santiago. The company that designed the Bohne Ingenieros - Enertec air conditioning system, working with its +Architects (Brahm, Bonomi, Leturia, Bartolomé), opted for an active structure, in which a water circuit helps to keep the temperature stable and minimizes the need for mechanical cooling or heating. Energy consumption was reduced by 70% over the baseline and the Transoceanic Building was certified as Leed Gold NC.

Ciudad-abierta-de-Ritoque

The Open City of Ritoque

The Open City, is a field of Chilean architectural experimentation, located in the Punta de Piedra sector, in the town of Ritoque, Quintero Commune, Valparaiso Region. In 1969, the professors and students of the School of Architecture of the Catholic University of Valparaíso formed the Amereida Cooperative. In 1971 the Cooperative buys an extension of land of about 300 hectares,1 to the north of the Aconcagua River, composed by a dune field, wetlands, ravines, field and adjacent to the beach for 3 kilometers,2 conforming the lands where today the Open City is located. In this field of experimentation are built several works of architecture and design.

Edificio-Rolando-Chuaqui-Alejandro-Aravena

Rolando Chuaqui Building

It houses the main departments of the Faculty of Mathematics. It was inaugurated in 1999 and is one of the first works of the outstanding Chilean architect Alejandro Aravena.

Torres-Siamesas-Alejandro-Aravena

The Siamese Towers

They were designed for the Catholic University of Chile.

Facultad-Medicina-Alejandro-Aravena

Faculty of Medicine

Built in Santiago, Chile in 2002-2004.

Centro-Inovación-UC-Alejandro-Aravena

UC Innovation Center

The building was awarded by the London Design Museum.

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